UNIT 1- EXPOSURE

In this blog I will talk about Exposure lighting in movies.

Exposure in lighting and exposure in cinematography, refers to the amount of light being captures by the camera. It is one of the most basic photographic principles, exposure is directly connected to the brightness and darkness of the image.

According to multiple resources an image can represent the normal exposure when it is similar to what the eye sees. With Overexposure happens when too much light is reflected into the camera, rendering an image that is brighter than normal exposure. Underexposure is the absolute opposite: Not much light enters the camera, thus creating a dark image.

Here are some images with that represent strong lighting exposure in movies.

horror-cinematography-red-gelBigComboTrailer

 

https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=exposure+in+lighting&safe=strict&biw=1440&bih=822&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjSv9-gztnLAhUH0hoKHYFtBJUQ_AUIBigB#safe=strict&tbm=isch&q=exposure+and+lighting+in+movies&imgrc=gddNdn3leM_IiM%3A.

Google.co.uk. (2016). exposure in lighting – Google Search. [online] Available at: https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=exposure+in+lighting&safe=strict&biw=1440&bih=822&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjSv9-gztnLAhUH0hoKHYFtBJUQ_AUIBigB#safe=strict&tbm=isch&q=exposure+and+lighting+in+movies&imgrc=gddNdn3leM_IiM%3A [Accessed 24 Mar. 2016].

 

  • Aperture

Aperture in lighting and movies is the opening in the camera lens has the capability to block or admit light. The word Aperture means opening. In the world of cinematography, this opening is located in the camera, more specifically on the lens. The size of the aperture is regulated by the lens ‘ diaphragm, which opens to admit light and closes to block it. The figure to the right shows the diaphragm, which is formed by several blades that leave a circular hole in the center which is known as the aperture.

When the camera turns into Auto mode ( According to sources ) the diaphragm achieves a certain level of autonomy also known as self control and behaves according to the camera’s sensors, which determines the amount of light entering the lenses.

what-is-aperture2alfie-aperture-photography-dog-5655

https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=diaphragm&safe=strict&biw=1440&bih=822&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj9xOfm0dnLAhUIlxoKHZ4XDisQ_AUIBigB#safe=strict&tbm=isch&q=aperture+photography&imgdii=hVh39VwIkfo-XM%3A%3BhVh39VwIkfo-XM%3A%3Brmo1AiAvKCuSbM%3A&imgrc=hVh39VwIkfo-XM%3A

Google.co.uk. (2016). diaphragm – Google Search. [online] Available at: https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=diaphragm&safe=strict&biw=1440&bih=822&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj9xOfm0dnLAhUIlxoKHZ4XDisQ_AUIBigB#safe=strict&tbm=isch&q=aperture+photography&imgdii=hVh39VwIkfo-XM%3A%3BhVh39VwIkfo-XM%3A%3Brmo1AiAvKCuSbM%3A&imgrc=hVh39VwIkfo-XM%3A [Accessed 24 Mar. 2016].

  • Diaphragm

A Diaphragm is a thin opaque structure with an opening at it’s core. The main mission of the diaphragm is to stop the passage of the light except for the light passing right through the aperture.

untitledcondenser5

 

https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=diaphragm&safe=strict&biw=1440&bih=822&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj9xOfm0dnLAhUIlxoKHZ4XDisQ_AUIBigB#safe=strict&tbm=isch&q=diaphragm+camera&imgrc=Xl3uXdskwXurXM%3A

https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=diaphragm&safe=strict&biw=1440&bih=822&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj9xOfm0dnLAhUIlxoKHZ4XDisQ_AUIBigB#safe=strict&tbm=isch&q=diaphragm+camera&imgrc=glRLuaLt8o-YjM%3A.

  • ISO

Iso aka International Organization for Standardization originated from Greek ”ISOS”which means Equal. It is a very important global organization despite the fact in is non governmental.

In images ISO, it is the image of an entire CD or DVD, the contents of which can be completely duplicate and contain in a single ISO file.

  • Shutter speed.

In Photography, Shutter speed or exposure time is the length of time when the film or even it’s sensor inside the camera is to be exposed to a light. It is also when a camera’s shutter is opening when taking a photograph. In the amount of light that reaches the film or image sensors it’s proportional to the exposure time.

shutter_car1

 

imagesP2GO8GYN

Shutter speed is the other side of the magic happens. It is responsible for creating dramatic effects by either freezing action or blurring motion.

https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=shutter+speed&safe=strict&biw=1440&bih=822&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&sqi=2&ved=0ahUKEwjnwMLp1NnLAhUDBBoKHaEZDSQQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=X-lnp-Wuo9x_PM%3A

Anon, (2016). .

Evaluation.

Straight forward lesson that was necessary as to learn about the basic techniques of filming.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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UNIT 1- EXPOSURE

Week 8-Techniques and solutions

  • Day 1

Wednesday 09/03/2016

There were not much Techniques on this day because everything went according to plan, everything became solutions. The influence of this project was a retro style yet mixed with 60’s new wave. That specificness i felt was achieved. However i was filming pretty quickly. And must pay attention to detail in which i did not entirely did. In certain shots we could see a another tipod in view. We could see a little wire of the boom operator Jack Bown was holding during the shots we were taking.

However in one factor that seemed like an issue at first and turned out to be a good thing. Was that in the scene we did on Wednesday afternoon, I had to laugh hysterically loud and almost manically, Manuel laugh along with me. But my laughing was so loud that in the cafeteria it was obviously distracting other people drinking their coffee so one person sitting behind Manuel litterally turned around wondering what the hell is going on. But she didn’t look at the camera. So by the end of the day when we were saving our footage on the computer, It turned out to be really funny, so i kept that in the final cut.

The ideas of day 1

Well the story evolves around a couple playing a game that is a christmas present ( thus Winter ). We the audience see what the couple sees in the video game. The story stats with the video game being played. It is only until the end we figure out what is going on. Now the first scene involves me and Manuel at the Cafeteria, with Manuel discussing to our protagonist ( played by myself ) to dance against another person.

I didn’t want normal dialogue as i have already mentioned.

The tricky aspect i had in mind for a couple of days was will Manuel be able to pull this off with the gibberish dialogue i am about to give him ? . Yes it did.

I didn’t do a rehearsal or any sorts neither wrote a script. The first day of filming were in my mind the most complex way to explain the camera man on what i envision. So i drew storyboards and handed them to James. With the dialogue i wrote it all on a piece of paper. and handed it over to Manuel the moment  we were shooting. I explained to him to try and say a word like I have an assignment for you but in sims language. The good news was Manuel managed to pull it off. I felt the in the final result Manuel gave a more subtle performance where as I went into a more over the top approach. According to most co classmates in my class , they said it sounds like Japanese.

  • Day 2

Thursday 10/03/2016

As i have said in the work blog we went to film earlier than usual in the hallways of the drama section. But there were minor real problems in the way. Except for positive solutions.

In the Afternoon we went to film in the central hallways of Canterbury College. And this took a crazy strength of confidence to do. Because it was lunch hour and everybody was walking around. Meaning people were looking in the camera. But i knew this sort of thing would happen. Last year in Level 2 i shot a clip in the reception area in Canterbury college doing multiple takes and yes , everybody were watching and the camera and in the way or walking past. It dosen’t bother me too much, because even though my ideas on where to shoot certain scenes seem a little too ambitious. The results are just what i wanted.

Except for one clip i shot that Thursday i didn’t realise until the result footage later on.

People were everywhere. And there were tools that i needed to put right in the middle of the shot meaning right in the middle of the central hallways of canterbury college like a bag i had to jump over in one clip or a music box in front of the entrance of the cafeteria. The real risky one was a pair of sunglasses ( which were mine ) i pick up in one shot and put on. That shot however was the one i was least proud with. Simply because a woman walked past the camera in a rush and looking into the shot.

That being said we shot this quickly and there were no further detail to take a larger investigation as we had to do this pretty fast, especially in the busiest hours of the day inside Canterbury college.

Every item used that day was returned in safety.

  • Day 3

We planned to film one of the key points of the project as the character finally meets his match which is Mamma Booma, she is played by Evie Wells.  I needed a location that resembled a night club. So i thought the TV studio would be a really good idea to shoot that scene.  However, the TV studio is a highly busy room due to other classes currently using this room. Th contains the lights and so forth and if you need to use the rom for lights, you have to have another staff member from Canterbury College to be the person adjusting the lights in what shot you want to provide. Friday afternoon wasn’t a possibility. The TV studio was booked until 5:00  from another class.And it was Friday meaning if i worked in that room after 5:00 , not only i will struggle to find a teacher in the media department  but also after 5:00 The canterbury college really early. So i would probably would have been kicked out ( eventually anyway ).

The Solutions on that day.

Well Since my afternoon didn’t turn out well anyway i had to tell Evie who was arriving at Canterbury college for that scene that it couldn’t be done until Wednesday the week after in that afternoon. She accepted that. James i had to contact as weel since he was going to shoot that scene as well. But luckily he was at home and i messaged him at 12;30 when the shoot was originally due at 3:00. So i had to take a pass on that Friday and wait until Wednesday on Week 8. I even took advise to shoot my scene that afternoon by one of our tutor’s because the TV studio would be free and their would be a Teacher available.

end

Week 8-Techniques and solutions

Week 8-Work Blog

  • Day 1

In this week’s blog I will tell you all about how I filmed my Winter project in the course of 3 days

Wednesday 09/03/2016

2 Nights ago I ask for my fellow friends in my class on who and can help me make my clip. I needed a camera man , a sound operator, and 7 actors to be in my clip.

So Firstly after last week’s work with the lighting especially on Thursday as I have explained in my previous blogs we went into the TV studio with a group of dedicated people. I realised I needed a camera man as patient as one of those people. So I asked James Willcocks to be the camera man for my project.

He agreed. So I hired 1 tripod and a shotgun mike for 3 afternoon’s. I didn’t need to hire a camera because it turned out that James had his Canon 700D and a microphone with a small lead.

Then I needed  somebody who could hold the sound. I asked Chloe Turner if she could be available for this. However it wasn’t that possible but she could act in on scene which also included James in that particular one. The person who ended up holding the sound was Jack Bown.

As for the Actors.

Well the plot focuses on a person who works as a dancer with a music box, ( played by myself). He is hired by his friend ( played by Manuel) to dance off against another dancer ( played by Evie Wells) The whole story is in fact a video game. In the last shot we see Clhoe sitting next to James playing video games.

And so on that day we shot our first scene.With the storyboards i beholded. First i take a tripod and a shotgun mike, and James brought over his Micro and Canon 700D.

The Location for the first shot was in Canterbury College at the Student union next to the Hair and makeup department. The shot was simple , because my vision was to provide a short clip that looks like a video game from the Playstation 1 generation nearly all my shots would be in still images. So my first shot was me and manuel walk up towards a table standing in the opposite direction and then sit still. James placed the Camera on a tripod , Jack holded the shotgun mike and James  called action and clapped his hands as we didn’t have a clapper board zoomed out grabbing everything in camera and in Focus. We did around 2 takes.

The Next shot was me sitting down and laughing then nearly manically then suddenly stopping. Reason being was because i wanted to grab an atmosphere that was similar in the cartoon of Pingu and The Sims so James placed the camera on a tripod then points on the right side of the table with me in focus and not zoomed in or out.

The Next shots were all on Manuel, first He had to laugh like me in that shot.So James placed the camera on my right pointing at Manuel.

The Funny Aspect.

As Manuel had to watch me laugh and he had to laugh himself a woman turned around during action as i was laughing wondering what on earth is going on but didn’t look in the camera. I kept that shot.

The next 2 shots broke the 180 degree rule.

I placed 2 coffees on the table 5 that were there during the entire shoot after i brought them. I had James holding the camera and standing on a chair to take the shot of the 2 coffee’s on the table in close-up. And the next shot was the first shot we took when me and Manuel towards the table opposite each other. Only this shot was me and Manuel simply drinking the coffee.

Then the next shots were all on Manuel saying the dialogue that i wrote while actually not saying it but expressing it with the sims language. It was wacky and weird to experience when we were filming this. James placed the camera on my right and Jack was holding the mike. on my left. We took a good 5 shots to capture what i envisioned.

Then the next shots were of me saying my dialogue .

We did 3 shots all together , James placed the camera on Manuel’s right and points the camera at me.

The final 2 shots were a close up of a handshake ( James placed the camera on the right side of the table ) and the same shot that was the first shot when me and Manuel met and then left.

  • Day 2

Thursday 10/03/2016

In the morning of Thursday ,I was due in to help Manuel for his shots for his project, however his co stars which were Jack didn’t appear, his other co-worker was Alvis who did. we were left with not much to do as i had my filming as planned in the afternoon. However i did had 2 more shots left containing me and Manuel. so i decided to bring the tripod i booked early and Manuel used his camera he was meant to film for his other project over and Alvis was going to be the camera man and sound operator. The shots were the last few scenes in the story, i walk out the TV studio and Manuel is all joyfull and happy giving me a hug. So Alvis places the camera on a tripod standing between the stairs and the TV studio and we did 3 takes in which i walk out then 4 more in which Manuel gives me a hug, that aspect took a little confidence until redemption.

In the Afternoon…

We went out to film the next shots which were inside Canterbury college, the first shot was in the student union. The whole video is shot in black and white. We pick up a tripod and James places the camera. On the day before we shot the scenes in colour unbeknownst to us we didn’t realise that in fact shooting in colour is better if you edit it in black and white. Not shoot in black and white and then edit that out, especially if I wanted the project in black and white.

So on day 2 we shot the scenes I organised on that day in black and white. All shots were in still images so we went to one location to another inside Canterbury College. The first shot was me walking past the camera.then the next shot I had to pick up a music box.

The Music box aspect.

As I have said in previous blogs I needed a music box to resemble a ghetto blaster back what they used in the 70’s, 80’s and 90’s.

images5XJ5GPYZghetto-blaster-2Say-Anything

So I head to the music department and asked if I could spare a music box. One of the guys i asked had an old music player on his desk that resembled the ones from the streets they used to use back in the 80’s. And it was exactly what I was looking for. I asked him if I could spare the box and he said yes, as long as you bring it back, which I did.

So the next shot we did was  a still shot in black and white in which I simply pick up a music box and press play to start the music.

The next shot was in the centre of Camera College we shot it real quick. Due to Students walking around looking towards the camera. I brought my bag over and used it as a tool to use. Like in an old game boy video game the character needs to jump over a bag to get to the next level.

The next shot was at the lockers next to the Drama department in which I pick up a pair of sunglasses and put them on then move on. James shot it in black and white and on a tripod.

The next shot after that required more people in this particular one.I needed originally 2 people in this shot and ended up having 4. I needed Louis and Callum for this shot and to dance with their heads to capture the rithym of the music playing as i am carrying a music box. I needed them to bring sunglasses and meet me and the crew in the hallways ext to the Drama department. However Callum couldn’t be available for this matter. But Louis could and ironically Manuel was also shooting his film that same day but was only in the morning. His crew were Jack and Alvis. Both of them were available in the afternoon. So i got James to place the camera right on the tripod and standing right in front of the wall next to the back entrance of Canterbury College. Alvis and Jack agreed to be in this shot as waere Louis and so i managed to find them sunglasses. Louis had his own, Manuel lended his pair to Alvis and i got some at the Drama department for Jack. Then out of nowhere A guy named Liam Caroll who is a friend of Jack just randomly appeared and wanted to be in the shot. I had already 3 guys laying their backs on the wall ready for the shot. But i thought it might be a good idea and also he had long hair and a pair of sunglasses looking very rock’n roll. So i added him in the shot. We did 2 takes in which i walk past them and them join the them laying my back on the wall and danced my head to the rithym of the playing music.

The next shot was simple, James places the camera in front of the TV studio entrance, he calls out action and i walk in , thus the scene i wanted.

After all those shots we filmed in the afternoon i still needed 1 more shot left and this one involved Clhoe Turner and James Wilcocks , who i originally wanted her to be the boom operator but wasn’t available. But i also needed he to act in one scene. This however was possible. James agreed. This shot was the final shot of the project, where the winter word is a connection as revealed that in fact the story is a video game played by a girl as a christmas present. We head into the Student union where there was a tv and an Xbox 360 with 2 wireless game dualshocks. But there were a bunch of guys in the way playing Fifa. So i kindly asked them to move ou the way as they did because we were filming there. Maunel places the camera on a tripod between the sofa and the TV pointing at James and Clhoe and we shot 2 takes and that was a wrap for the day. ( I gave all the ingredients back demanding if i could spare them for the next day which didn’t happen ).

  • Day 3

Friday 11/03/2016

Here is where the biggest problem and the biggest solution was intact for this project on that specific day. ( check out problems and solutions ).

Because of this issue, we couldn’t film on that Friday.

References.

say-anything.jpg

ghetto-blaster.jpg

images-5x5gyprydz.jpg

 

End.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 8-Work Blog

Week 7- Feedback and reflections

 

  • Day 1

On the first of week 7 our new task was to focus on lighting in movies.

We learnt different types of lighting on how to provide a satisfying image in the process.

  • We found out that The Revenant was indeed not shot in Natural Lighting

still22

 

We were tasked by Jenny to find 3 movie images and describe the lighting and the director’s skill  to understand it’s mood and outcome.

  • Feedback over day 1
  • Whether natural or artificial light is used in making a film, it has a big influence on the look and mood that is created.
  • Lighting is responsible for significant effects in each scene
  • the symmetrical composition is reinforced by the unified effect of the lighting
  • Light can draw attention to specific areas of interest and create wonderful effects by it’s interplay with dark areas
  • Lighting can give depth to a scene, while also bringing out texture and detail in setting, décor, and clothing.
  • Low – Key Lighting ( it’s where the lighting is more towards the greyer and darker scale, where there is a good deal of shadow, and where the key light is less bright and does not dominate.
  • High Contrast Lighting ( Is where there is strong contrast between bright light and shadow, with a small amount of in-between grey scale.
  • Three-point lighting ( Three Point lighting is the standard method used in visual media such as film, still photography and computer-generated imagery.
  • Key Light ( The Main light , it provides hard light , like that from the sun on a clear day: a bright light with hard-edged shadows.
  • Fill Light ( This is secondary light and is placed on the opposite side to the key light
  • Back Light ( The Back Light is placed behind the subject and lights it from the rear.
  • Fill Light only ( The fill light is usually on the opposite side of the camera from the key.
  • Lighting Faces , lighting affects the appearance of a character, defining or diminishing facial characteristics and making faces appear attractive or unattractive.
  • Time of Day , the most obvious function of light- apart obviously from allowing us to see images-is simply to establish time of day.

Creating mood and atmosphere.

Using bright, clear, even illumination suggests sunniness, joy, and security, and is therefore frequently used for comedy.

All these factors were told from our tutor and is referenced by http://www.slideshare.net/andywallis/film-lighting-intro

Then the class was divided into 4 groups and we headed out into the LRC and we took several pictures using strong light whilst using a reflector. All the images we took are in the work blog I have just finished.

Reflections.

On this day I found myself more comfortable with the work but I need to finish off the last week blogs with the sound and foley task i find them complex due to my lack of knowledge over editing.

  • Day 2

 

  • Feedback

With whole lighting task we went to were task to take ( originally ) 3 pictures from 3 different movies and recreate it with own skills with lighting.

Then the groups got enormous to the point we had to instead take one picture each, i was put into a group of 7 containing 7 people.

That is James , Jack, Callum , Chloe , Polly and Myself.

We went into 2 locations using 1 camera that is the Canon700D which belongs to James and used 2 reflectors and 1 tripod.

The first location was under the stairs of the second floor of Canterbury college.

Jack, Callum and Chloe needed a more sinister approach to their own work , so by doing so we went under the stairwell. Jack, wanted me to be in his image by making a scene from the Blair Witch Project and used red filter , I stood in the corner just like the last shot of the movie and Jack took the picture and as I have mentioned in the work blog The Blair Witch Project was shot in black and White but Jack decided to use red filter.

Then Callum needed his shot which also featured myself and he wanted me to sit at the same wall underneath the stairs and I laid my hands upon my face , Callum took the picture as he wanted to make a similarity to the one of The Gallows. But instead of using Red filter as shown in the movie shot he used normal lighting instead.

Up next was Chloe who shot her image using severe darkness and needed James to be in the image , shot the image down below him and pointed the camera upwards to match an image from the TV series Hannibal starring Mads Mikkelsen.

Then we headed to the TV studio where we had help and strong advice from our ex-tutor Mike. Max was the next one to shoot his image and he needed an image that required a lot of moving objects and the use of lighting, so it took a good 20 minutes to set up the shot on what Max needed for his image. He had a table using a golden reflector to use as a cover up on the table. with the use of normal light, Blue filter light and Red filter. He wanted his image to match that one of Black Sea starring Jude Law. He got James on his knees and managed to get him to press his hand on the table with the covered golden reflector. The image not only resembles the movie but also it resembles an image of Steven Spielberg’s Raiders of the Lost Ark ( 1981) .

Golden_Idol_grab-1014x487

After it was my turn to take my own picture resembling the one from Only god Forgives. I needed the look of the curtains , a long table, 4 people sitting on the far left side of the table and Polly moving up front holding a fake cigarette ( we tore a piece of paper and Callum managed to roll it up, it looked like a joint ) I needed 2 Filter Lightings , one red the other Blue. Max laid a red filter upon holding a portable beem light and the blue filter light which  was above the 4 people which were James, jack, Chloe and Callum. It turned out the way I wanted it to be despite the fact that in the picture of Only God Forgives the blue light is pointing towards Kristin Scott Thomas ( reinterpreted by Polly ) and the Red upon the out the focus group in the background. In my picture, it is the reverse.

Then it was Polly’s turn to take her image matching one from Amelie ( 2001 ) as she was trying to capture yellow, A current colour used in the Filmography  of Jean-Pierre Jeunet and used a golden reflector pointing behind Chloe ( who is in the shot ).

Finally James didn’t need much help on his ne, he needed 2 actors and one holding the camera and light , that matched a scene from a sequence from an episode from Sherlock.

I took both reflector’s back including the tripod, and saved all my work on the computer via the memory card of the Canon 700D.

Reflections.

I discovered that because the TV studio is a rather more blacker than a lighter environment,the work feels increasingly exhausting after several hours if you are still in the same location. I had more fun in this task than the previous one and I finally feel like I am heading into the right direction with work.

  • Day 3

Feedback

We carried on typing our own work blogs on what we did for the last 2 days.

Reflections

We are finally going to shoot our project next week , so I guess I am just simply excited to shoot my winter project, despite the rocky ride we went through before half term.

end.

 

 

 

Week 7- Feedback and reflections

Week 7 : Work Blog

Day 1

In this week’s course we are going to talk about lighting in movies

We learnt that lighting applies into modern day TV shows but lighting is a strong key to give the mood of the film , if a film was shot in a more warm colour than lighter than the film will look more dramatic.

If the film was shot in a more lighter approach than the film would be more comedic looking.

nowhere1

This shot is from a Korean film called The Man from Nowhere ( 2010 ) Directed by Lee Jung-Beom.

The film is a slow burn action Thriller that features extreme violence. The film is very grim and dour. Not every character in this movie is evil however.

But the mood is grim not light what Lee Jung- Beom has used for his camera is to create a sinister , urban and dramatic effect to feel the vibe and mood of this thriller, actioner. The film was shot by Korean cinematographer Lee Tae-Yoon. The Director of the film needed the widest aperture on his the camera lenses. This technique works best with standard and telephoto lenses because these lenses have less depth of field.

The out of focus background is moody because we can’t see what it’s supposed to be.

The cinematographer also shot the film in low light.

Low light is effectively moody and evocative. If you’re shooting static subjects like landscapes you can put your camera on a tripod and use a cable release to avoid a camera shake.

For it’s gritty and tone balanced pacing. The director needed to shoot The Man from Nowhere by adjusting it’s colour temperature, he had to decide the optimum colour temperature afterwards and didn’t have to worry about setting it correctly in the camera, it was also the same case for the cinematographer.

The Director also had to make sure of the location of the shoot, In the shot up above. The location is grey , green and morbid looking. Then they made sure in how the character would appear , making him slightly bruised and bloodied.

62257.jpg

This shot is from a French movie called Subway (1985) directed by Luc Besson.

This shot includes the actors Isabelle Adjani and Christophe Lambert ( The main protagonist from Highlander ( 1986 )

The film was shot by cinematographer Carlo Varini.funny

This film is a mix of lot’s of different genres put into one. But the shot up above describes a romantic scene

The cinematographer had to use a specific color temperature to one of the first things to note whilst studying the lighting in a romantic.

Another tool the crew used with the camera lenses is Brightness and Shadow. because brightly lit or highkey scenes tend to be more cheerful and upbeat, while darker or somewhat low-key scenes hold much more intruige. Shadows have 2 ways in movies, they can either make the lighting more grim and gritty or more sensual.

What the cinematographer and the director needed to achieve was it’s highly sensual romantic aspect and by that includes the other dots that I mentioned up above. But one thing that is highly used is the quality. The quality of light in a film through the hardness and softness of it’s shadows can be easily judge.Soft lighting is particularly used in older romantic films  and it tends to somewhat feel more sentimental.

But there are many use of lighting when it comes to a romantic scene because cool lighting can be romantic , it just depends on where the film is being shot. ( Again location is highly valuable). Bright light can of course be also romantic. But with the advanced settings with modern day technology , sharp shadows that can be in film noir can also evidently be more romantic.

walkabout-2

The shot up above comes from a scene from Nicolas Roeg’s Walkabout ( 1971 )

The Film was shot and Directed by Nicolas Roeg. It’s an Adventure film about 2 kids lots in the Australian desert and find  an Aboriginal boy who will guide them back to civilisation.

Nicolas Roeg wanted to capture multiple epic landscapes for the film and thus the one main thing he needed was to get away from the city and travel to Australia. He needed to find a location where pollution is minimal. And the way he shot that scene up above was to capture the light of moon. Because he actually didn’t go to a location where there is no moon. He needed a half moon phase or less. Once he went beyond that he discovered that the moon became so bright that it can actually make the sky look like daytime. Because to capture a full moon shot he had to peer into the sky and await several hours before daytime became dusk and between that, the sun diminishes. This film was not shot in a Hollywood studio.

He shot this film with a wide angle lenses , you can see a lot of detail with high quality but according to the source info that explains wide angle shots if you bring the lenses into a tighter shot format , it brings more attention  to whatever you choose to be in the foreground. And that is exactly what Nicolas Roeg intended.

Nicolas Roeg needed a tripod , an intervalometer, A hand warmer on the lenses that kept the temperature high enough for any moisture to build up.

To capture that sense of beauty and excitement to match the mood and genre of the film Walkabout.  Nic Roeg had to go through a lot of post work.

Day 2

On the day previously we had a task to take pictures with lighting.

 

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We needed a shield and we spared a black room in the Library of Canterbury college.

We used a strong bright light and needed an Actor/ Actresses to be in the shots.

The person carrying the camera was taking different sorts of positions. it took us around 15 minutes to capture the right kind of images that was asked for the task.

What was impressive and  realising that there was a shine of bright light glowing upon Pip’s face that gave the images a more stylistic nuanced quality, It reminded me a lot of the visual lighting JJ Abrams uses in movies.

The shield that we were beholding was a slight nuisance but we all managed in the end.

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That uses of shiny light is what I found in the images taken the day beforehand.

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With the use of strong light in a dark environment from an audience perspective these pictures could navigate a film that is either romantic or a thriller , maybe even a Science- Fiction because the strong light use of the deep right in the last image above could be interpreted as a flying saucer floating across the room.

In the afternoon we were tasked to take pictures that matches a shot from another movie. with the use of lighting.

I was put in a group of seven. That includes Callum, James, Max,Chloe, Polly,Jack and Myself.

We went to the TV studio using 2 reflectors multiple colour filters, James’s Photo camera which is a Camera, Canon 700D

Here are the pictures we shot with one choice each.

This picture beneath comes from a shot from the movie Black Sea (2014) directed by Kevin MacDonald. It was Max’s picture and his idea.

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He wanted to match Jude Law’s character with discovering gold with a similar shot of James laying his hand on a golden table with the use of bright , red and slight blue filter lighting.

 

The pictures below are taken from Polly who wanted to match her shot to the one from a delightfull French film called Amelie (2001) directed by Jean -Pierre Jeunet.

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The only slight difference within these two pictures is that Clhoe isn’t giving a wider smile than that of Audrey Tautou. but we needed the reflector for this shot as the use of lighting of Amelie is constant yellow which is a familiar case with the films of Jean- Pierre Jeunet. Also the images Polly has taken are slightly blurry in comparison.

The Next pictures below are taken from Chloe who wanted to match a picture of the Tv series of Hannibal (2013 -2015) created by Thomas Harris and starring Mads Mikkelsen.

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Chloe wanted to take a more sinister looking picture of James looking slightly upwards slight digit. was the background. We shot this image underneath the stairs leading up to the second floor. which has an effective look to grab dark looking environments that can look like a thriller, or even a horror.

Which is exactly the case for Jack as he took a picture of matching the last shot ( spoiler alert ) of The Blair Witch Project ( 1999 ) directed by Eduardo Sanchez and Daniel Myrick.

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Jack Didn’t use the black and white colour this time. Instead he decided to take a more experimental approach by using red filter in the lighting to capture a horrific tone towards the image. In Semiology the colour red can describe strong, love, passion. But it can also match blood and death.

James took a different kind of picture with the TV series of Sherlock starring Benedict Cumberbatch and created by Mark Gatiss , Steven Moffat and Stephen Thompson.

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The picture was from the episode his Last Vow where Sherlock confronts Mary. This picture was slightly tricky to provide as what James wanted a somebody to stand at the back which was Max but wanted him out of Focus and Polly to be in the front and in focus. Unfortunately it turned out to be the opposite. However the use of strong beaming lighting and the location was in the TV studio behind the curtain , the image has a similar visual aspect to the one of Sherlock’s.

Callum used advice from Jack and took a picture that resembles the film The Gallows ( 2015 ) directed by Travis Cluff and Chris Lofing.

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In the image above the film the Gallows was shot with red filter neon. With the character frightened in a dark environment. Callum decided to use a more naturalistic approach by using normal lighting and no filters. He positioned the camera in a different yet effective angle using a more morbid space in Canterbury College which was the same location of which Jack shot his image of the Blair Witch Project and ironically using red filter lighting.

Finally there is my picture which I wanted to match an image of either a David Lynch film a Paul Thomas Anderson film a Leos Carax film or a Nicolas Winding Refn film.

I decided to match an a picture from the film Only God Forgives ( 2013 ) shot by Larry Smith and Directed by Nicolas Winding Refn. And by doing so I needed the TV studio.

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The Major difference within these 2 shots are the facts that in the Only God Forgives image the blue is shot upon Kristin Scott Thomas and the red filter is behind her in the out of focus background. In my image I have used red upon Polly as the in focus and blue towards the other people in the background whom are less in focus. I wanted to have curtains involved and even though there are less curtains in the Only god Forgives image, on my perspective curtains symbolises something yet to come. A sort of mystery before the action of an unknown. Curtains on my perspective symbolises a metaphor of a mystery that can happen which is why it’s exciting and stylish. It is partially another reason why in Theatres and Operas they use curtains to symbolise a closed door before it opens which leaves the audiences anticipating what is behind.

I discovered with my image that it had a David Lynch’s Blue Velvet aspect to it all. that resembled this image below.

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  • Day 3

We carried on working with our projects and write exactly what we needed to write and take note of during the course of the last 2 days.

However next week we will start shooting our upcoming project and thanks to these last weeks of learning we get to understand more so.

  • References

 

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  • amelie-from-screen-musings.jpg
  • black-sea2.jpg
  • lens-flare-star-trek.jpg
  • walkabout-21.jpg
  • nowhere1.jpg

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Week 7 : Work Blog